City of Struggle & Toil

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Nowa Huta and the massive steelworks nearby were showcase projects for the Six-Year Plan. Initially the plant was meant to be located on the Gliwice Canal. However, when the communist powers raised the expected steel production yield, the former location proved inadequate. A request was sent to Russian experts to determine an appropriate location. At the beginning of 1949 a team of experts under the direction of Chryzant Zybin decided on the area around Mogiła and Pleszów as the site for the steelworks. On the 24th of February 1949 the government approved the location. It is still uncertain why the Polish and Russian communists decided on building a large metallurgical plant and a new city for workers in close proximity to the ancient and conservative city of Krakow. Even though it may be difficult to give a single answer to that question, it is certain that Nowa Huta was designed from the outset as socialist city void of God, a city that was meant to be a forge, forging a new man – the builder of communist Poland. 

City of Struggle & Toil